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On This Day in History - 10th December


1830Emily Dickinson, American poet
1851Melvil Dewey, Devised the library classification system
1885Vincent Lopez, Leader of first orchestra to play a live radio broadcast
1930Rt Hon Michael Joplin, Conserative MP & former government minister
1954Geoff Deane, Of the Pop group 'Modern Romance'
1957Paul Hardcastle, Singer best known for his hit No. 1, '19'
1960Kenneth Branagh, Actor and director, of stage and screen


1768The Royal Academy of Arts was founded, Joshua Reynolds becoming its first President
1845The first pneumatic tyres were patented, by the Scottish civil engineer, Robert Thompson
1868Londons first traffic lights came into operation near Parliament Square
1896The Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, who invented Dynamite and founded the Nobel prizes, died in San Remo, Italy
1903Marie Curie became the first woman to receive a Nobel prize
1919The Smith brothers became the first pilots, to complete a flight from Britain to Australia
1987In Leicestershire, two dangerous prisoners escaped by helicopter from the Gartree maximum security prison
1998The Caribbean island of Cuba became independent from Spain